How to grow weed outdoors – a comprehensive guide
Growing marijuana outdoors is often considered the most simple and natural method, as it replicates the way it has grown in the wild for thousands of years. This basic guide to on how to grow weed outdoors will provide you with the information to make the most out of what nature has to offer.
The benefits of growing marijuana outdoors?
Growing marijuana outdoors provides many of the expensive essentials that need to be paid for when growing indoors, free of charge. The sun provides the equivalent of 2000 watts of light per square foot and natural air provides a level of CO2 that is extremely difficult to manufacture indoors. Plants grown outdoors receive far more light which helps develop the buds growing at the bottom of the plant as much as those at the top. Although you don’t have the control of an indoor grower, successfully growing marijuana outdoors provides you with a much larger yield.
Where can I grow weed outdoors?
Successfully growing weed outdoors is dominated by climate, soil, and water supply, regardless of whether you are in your back garden, or in a remote mountain patch. In order to have a bountiful outdoor grow your plant will need at least 5 hours of direct sunlight a day.
Grow tip – If you’re growing weed outdoors check the light supply by standing in your chosen location. You’ll be able to tell if there are any light blockages.
Growing weed outdoors in your backyard enables you pay close attention to your plants and have relatively good control over their environment. Prepare your soil in fall, removing weeds and digging beds for your plants, turning the soil. Cover your turned soil with mulch over the winter months to hold in the nutrients. You will be able to transplant your seedlings in April or after the last frosts.
Growing Marijuana Outdoors in Pots
If you’re growing marijuana outdoors in pots, it’s likely that you’re growing on a terrace, patio, rooftop or balcony. If you have your pots in a high location, take precautions against strong winds, as these can dehydrate your plant and carry rogue male pollen.
Try to keep your plants out of prolonged direct sunlight as this may overheat the pot and destroy the plant’s roots.
To put it simply, Guerrilla growing is farming outdoors away from your own property, mostly in a remote location where it is unlikely to be found. Security and location are considered the main factors for the guerrilla grower. It’s recommended that the guerrilla location you choose is remote, near a good water source, receives a good amount of light and is out of direct wind.
Grow tip – Guerrilla growing – take your water in a container that makes it look like you’re hiking.
There are many different types of soil with some being more suitable for outdoor marijuana growing than others. This basic guide on soil for your outdoor marijuana plants should help, regardless of your growing location.
Clay soil – Prepare clay soil at least a month before growing by adding compost and manure or perlite. Clay soil holds a lot of water so can drown roots and suffocate your plant. Be sure to excavate deep, adding a lot of organic material to increase drainage and air circulation.
Sandy Soil (Sandy Soil) – Marijuana plants can achieve excellent root penetration in sandy soil, but doesn’t hold nutrients well. Add compost and mulch or vermiculate to sandy soil to increase its water and nutrient retention.
Loam Soil (Loam Soil) – Loamy soil holds moisture well, has good drainage and is easy to work with and is perfect for growing marijuana outdoors. Loamy soil is dark, fertile and crumbly in the hand. Check the PH of loam soil as this varies and ideally, your soil’s PH should be between 6.5 and 7.5.
Grow tip – If you have poor soil for outdoor marijuana growing, dig holes that are 3 feet deep and wide, filling with a good compost or potting soil.
Most of the water your plant requires will be provided by fresh rainwater. If your plants do not receive the water they need through natural means, it is up to you to supply it. Remember, the bigger the plant is, the more water it needs so keep an eye out for signs of under-watering. Plants will show signs of wilting throughout the hot summer month, but this is normal. If you get 1 inch of water a week, you won’t need to water your plant. There is more information in our water section.
Fertilizing your outdoor grow will help your overall final yield, especially if your soil quality is not great but be careful not to over fertilize young plants! Use a fertilizer high in nitrogen for the vegetative growth stage, changing to high phosphorous formula when your plant is flowering. More information on the nutrients can be found in our nutrient section.
Harvest your weed before the cold, damp weather of fall starts to set in. Many strains can take a short freeze, but sustained periods in temperatures below freezing will kill your plants. Harvest your guerrilla grow at night time to avoid detection. Information on when your plant is ready for harvest can be found here.
Choosing your weed strain
Not all strains are good when growing weed outdoors. Its important that you pick a strain that suits your outdoor growing environment. Use our outdoor weed strain collection to help you make the right choice.
Grow tip – When growing marijuana outdoors, germinate your seeds and start the seedling for 2-3 weeks indoors before transplanting outside.
What problems can you face when growing marijuana outdoors?
Growing weed outdoors will mean you have a lot less control over the environment your plants are in, which brings with it a different set of issues that may affect your plants.
Rogue Pollen (Bursts Pollen sacks) – Pollen from rogue male plants or hemp can pollinate you female flowers. Although this is a difficult problem to avoid, there are measures you can take. June and July are when pollen levels are at their highest, so plant with the intention of flowering in August. Keep a close eye on the wind direction, and read pollen reports that are easily found online.
Pests – Check your plants regularly for any damage from pests. Caterpillars, slugs and snails can eat away at your plant. Attracting birds to your grow using bird feeders will provide it with some natural caretakers.
Animals – Look out for any animals that may cause your outdoor marijuana grow some damage. Keep animals away from your plants with wire mesh. Avoid picking a place that is inhabited by deer and rabbits, as both like a nibble on growing marijuana.
Frost (Frost Damage) – Although marijuana is a hardy plant, it cannot survive long spells of temperatures that are below freezing. Avoid frosts by planting in April, choosing a strain that will go through a full growing cycle before the first frost come. Indica strains have a shorter cycle than sativas if local frosts come early.
Mould – As you can’t maintain the humidity or the amount of rain supplied by Mother Nature, keep a close eye on your buds for any mold growth. You can reduce the risk of mould by shaking your flowers out after any large rain falls. Remove moldy buds before they spread.
Learning how to grow weed outdoors will allow you to take full advantage of mother nature. The detailed guide above will have you successfully growing weed outdoors in no time at all.